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Modern Youth Training in Soccer

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF CHILDREN’S SOCCER
Children’s soccer is not adult soccer!

Organized soccer today

Unfortunately, youth coaches are all too often judged by how many games their players win, by whether they rank high in the standings or win championships. This is reinforced by the expectations of parents, who hope to see their children win. Taking adult soccer as their model, they often transpose its Standards, objectives and methods onto children’s and youth soccer.

The results:

  • The focus is not on the needs and interests of the children.
  • Many practice activities are not appropriate for children (e.g. too monotonous).
  • The kids are under the external control of score-oriented coaches and players; they’re unable to play freely and without interference.
German Youth Training  in Soccer

Children’s soccer has objectives and methods all its own. Check the comparison in the list to see whether your club’s approach to children’s soccer fits the guidelines listed.


What this means for children’s soccer

Today it’s a rarity, but once it was common in much of the world: In the backyards, in the country fields, in the city park-wherever there was a little room to play, soccer-loving boys and girls kicked the ball. No matter where kids got together, it wasn’t long before two teams were picked. Special rules always made for exciting games. Balls (and ball-like objects) were wildly diverse: big balls or small balls, tennis balls, cans – as long as you could kick it around, you had a game. In this way, kids acquired enormous skill with the ball.

There’s no turning back the hands of time. But instead of mourning the past, we have a great opportunity to bring some important traits of street soccer into our organized children’s training:

  • Offer unstructured games du ring practice, and “street soccer afternoons” at your club. Give kids
  • The freedom to try things out at practice.
  • Use attractive “street soccer” games to motivate kids to kick around with their friends in their free time.
  • Don’t try to manage every little detail; let kids be creative!

Soccer Training U5 to U12

A new approach to children’s soccer: Guidelines for practice, match play and player guidance

Children’s soccer today: Basic requirements

The score-oriented approach to children’s training criticized above is the cause of many of the problematic trends we find unacceptable today:

  • Many of the “prodigies” who performed exceptionally at the U10 or U12 level are no longer able to achieve their full potential at higher levels.
  • Many players turn their backs on their clubs, on soccer or on sports altogether just before they reach the adult level, sometimes as early as U14 (dropout problem).
  • Children’s soccer is frequently dominated by tactics training, much too soon and too one-sidedly. lmportant basic coordination skills are neglected.

lf we add the social changes described earlier, plus the physical problems and lack of activity among children today, then the challenge to all clubs becomes clear: We need a fundamentally new approach to children’s soccer!

Thus, some important objectives:

  1. First we have to ask ourselves: What are children like? What do they want? In the street soccer of the past, kids organized their own games the way they wanted. Today our job is to share the excitement of soccer with children by offering the same kind of “free soccer” in our clubs.
  2. The coordination problems caused by the restriction of children’s physical activity must be remedied. Therefore we must emphasize a well-rounded basic athletic training program with a focus on coordination training.
  3. The aim of every children’s soccer division should be not to win games, but to develop and promote every player. Every child is equally important!
  4. Player guidance must not be restricted to practice and match play. Nonsoccer-related activities like weekend trips, camping and other group activities should automatically be part of the program.
  5. Children’s development- not just athletic development, but general personal development- should be a major focus for responsible youth coaches.

Soccer clubs should offer practice and match play that is age-appropriate and in line with children’s individual needs and desires. Our job is to compensate for the lack of physical activity in today’s restricted world.


The primary objectives of children’s soccer

  1. Share the excitement of soccer with children!
  2. Offer children a well-rounded basic athletic training program.
  3. lnclude both challenges and encouragement in your program.
  4. Give children guidance on the field and off.
  5. Provide responsible youth coaches for children’s training.

Official Soccer Coaching Book of the German Soccer Association with DFB coaches and educators Ralf Peter and Gerd Bode. 

335 pages

More information here


YOUTH TRAINING MODEL

U 6 and under

  1. Teaching a wide range of movements
  2. Experiencing the fun of unstructured play

U 7 /U8 and U 9/U 10

  1. Developing coordination
  2. Learning the rudiments of basic techniques
  3. Enjoying the game of soccer

U11/U12 and U 13/U 14

  1. Training technical/tactical elements (individual and group tactics)
  2. lmproving one’s game

U15/U16 and U 17/U 18

  1. Teaching specific techniques and tactics Soccer training

Making your program age-appropriate and developmentally appropriate

A basic structure for youth training

The practice of dividing youth teams into age groups (see below) is simply a way of making it easier to organize tournaments. First and foremost, children’s practice and match play must respect child development. Therefore youth promotion is divided into four basic levels, each with its own objectives. This is an aid to coaches in making their practices and matches age-appropriate and developmentally appropriate. This system of levels provides all clubs with a clear basic structure for youth training. Basic instruction (age six and under): The main focus is on developing and training a broad repertoire of motor skills (not just soccer: climbing, jumping, throwing, simple games with a variety of balls, etc.). This way they develop movement skills applicable to any sport. Soccer clubs have a special responsibility here, because many children start organized sports with them.

Modern Youth Training in Soccer

Official Soccer Coaching Book of the German Soccer Association – More information here

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