According to Pep Guardiola space and time are very important in soccer and especially for a team that wants to dictate possession by using positional play. When the attacking team dictates possession, the defending team usually drops back within its middle or defensive third. The focus is on retaining a compact formation and allow very limited spaces around the ball. This makes it hard for the attacking team to break them through.
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However, there are ways to move the opponents away from their zones of responsibility. Pep Guardiola says that space is always there, no matter how the defensive shifting is carried out. The important thing for the attacking players is to locate this available space and find a way to exploit it.
That’s why players should be familiar with the concept of space and recognise when and where it is created. Finding and exploiting it especially between the lines is significant to move the ball to the crucial central area by using short and accurate passing.
Available space on the weak side
Firstly, the attacking players have to understand that the space is always there no matter how the defending team carries out the defensive shifting. If for example the ball is near the side line because they try to limit the space near the ball area, then space is created on the other (weak) side, as it is presented on the diagram above.
What the attacking players have to do, is simply locate it and then exploit it. The exploitation is achieved when an attacking player makes a movement towards this space at the right time and his team mates find a way to direct the ball to him at the right time too .
Available space near the side lines
If the ball is in the central area and the opponents try to stay compact there, space is created near the side lines.
Available space between the players
Finally, if the defending team tries to restrict the spaces near the side line by taking up wider positions between each other, then the horizontal cohesion is not good enough and space is created between the players. All the above examples are helpful to understand that the space is always there.