Former CoachU19 FC Schalke 04 and manager for the youth department of Schalke 04 (1. Division Club in Germany) for 7 Years.
How to Teach and Vary Complex Exercises in Soccer Training
Eight Steps from Basic Drill to Game Situations
1. Explain the Basic Drill
Where? Introduce in soccer training the running and passing lines step by step. Where to run and where to pass the ball.
When? Explain the timing.
What? Explain the soccer technique to use.
Why? Transfer from soccer training to the game situation. (Explain the players the purpose of the drill.)
Limit of touches (3 or 2 touches, one touch – depending on the abilities and situations)
Change direction (clockwise – counter clockwise)
Passing with both feet (change from left to right)
Different running and passing lanes
Different distances (short or long passes)
Different geometric forms (Triangle, Square, Rectangle, Circle)
3. Additional Activities
Before the players receive the ball (check away and
While being in possession of the ball
After receiving the ball (Shooting Flank play)
Open the drill and add an activity behind the drill (Shooting,
4. Focus on Different Techniques and Coaching Points
Receiving (Ball control)
Combination Play (group tactics)
Ball possession (Position Games)
Through passing – Penetration
Shooting (at the end of a drill)
Tactical Aspects of the drill
The players should perform the drills under pressure of time
Measure the time and compare
Two or three groups compete against each other (counting the Touches, rounds or goals)
6. Pressure of an opponent
Introduce opponents into the drills.
Steps: First orientation – then half pressure – then full pressure.
7. Complex drills
The players should perform different activities in one drill
Make the players think and concentrate
8. Apply the skills to the Game
(Small sided game/real game with 2 goals/goalkeepers)
Bring Players into game situations with the topic of the main coaching points.
Choose small sided games or positional games to bring the players to show the skills they learned in the drills.